The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law, or statute, authorizing:
- formula grants to states
- discretionary grants to state educational agencies, institutions of higher education, and other nonprofit organizations
Search IDEA Statute
Sections of the IDEA Statute
The IDEA statute includes four parts:
Part A outlines IDEA’s general provisions, including the purpose of IDEA and the definitions used throughout the statute.
Part B includes provisions related to formula grants that assist states in providing a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment for children with disabilities ages three through 21.
Part C includes provisions related to formula grants that assist states in providing early intervention services for infants and toddlers birth through age two and their families.
Part D includes provisions related to discretionary grants to support state personnel development, technical assistance and dissemination, technology, and parent-training and information centers.
The U.S. Department of Education issues regulations to implement the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Part B Regulations implement the Assistance for the Education of Children with Disabilities and Preschool Grants for Children with Disabilities.
- View indexed IDEA Part B Subparts A – H and Appendices A-F
- View IDEA Part B Regulations on the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations
Part C Regulations implement the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities.
Agencies write federal regulations to implement and enforce the statutes passed by Congress.
Periodically, the department issues new or revised regulations, known as Final Regulations, to address the implementation and interpretation of the IDEA.
Slip Laws vs. Code Citations
When reviewing the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), it is common to see references to 600 sections and 1400 United States Codes (U.S.C.). As an example, IDEA Part B State Eligibility requirements are found in section 612 of the IDEA, which can be cited as 20 U.S.C. 1412.
|Law Section||U.S. Code||Section Title|
|Section 615||20 U.S.C. 1415||Procedural Safeguards (Part B)|
|Section 616||20 U.S.C. 1416||Monitoring, Technical Assistance, and Enforcement|
|Section 618||20 U.S.C. 1418||Program Information (Data)|
|Section 619||20 U.S.C. 1419||Preschool Grants|
|Section 639||20 U.S.C. 1439||Procedural Safeguards (Part C)|
To learn more about Slip Laws and Code Citations and to view a cross-reference chart, please see Slip Laws vs. Code Citations.