The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires the U.S. Department of Education to collect certain data and submit specific reports.

Annual Report to Congress

The Department, as required by Section 664(d) of the IDEA, submits an annual report to Congress on the progress made toward the provision of a free appropriate public education to all children with disabilities and the provision of early intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities.

State Data Collection (618 Data)

Section 618 of the IDEA requires each state to submit data about infants and toddlers who receive early-intervention services under Part C of the IDEA and children with disabilities who receive special education and related services under Part B of the IDEA.

There are 12 data collections authorized under Section 618 of the IDEA.

Under Part B:

  • child count
  • educational environments
  • personnel
  • exiting
  • discipline
  • assessment
  • dispute resolution
  • maintenance of effort reduction/
    coordinated early intervening services

Under Part C:

  • child count
  • settings
  • exiting
  • dispute resolution

618 Data Products Descriptions

Data ProductsDescriptionUses
Static TablesCalculated tables containing counts and percentages of infants, toddlers, and children with disabilities
  • Quick data look up
  • Compare states easily
State Level
Data Files
Data analysis files in CSV format
  • Cross-tabulation
  • Longitudinal analysis
  • In-depth analysis
Collection DocumentationCollection of user guides, data notes, data history, and data dictionary
  • Provide context to data files
  • Answer basic questions related to the data or collections

Get 618 Data

OSEP Fast Facts

OSEP Fast Facts summarizes key facts related to specific aspects of the data collection authorized by Section 618 of the IDEA. Data presented includes that collected through child count, educational environments and settings, discipline and exiting data collections.

U.S. Department of Education Publicly Available Data Sources

The following are useful data resources that are separate from the IDEA-data collection.

Suspension, Severe Discrepancy