State Monitoring and Support

The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is responsible for monitoring and supporting states’ implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). OSEP’s accountability is designed to best support states’ efforts to improve outcomes for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families.

Results Driven Accountability

OSEP’s accountability system—Results Driven Accountability (RDA)—focuses OSEP’s resources on supporting states to fully implement the IDEA and improve outcomes for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families.

RDA has three components:

This required performance plan and annual report measures a state’s progress towards meeting its target on both results and compliance indicators.
By law, OSEP must make annual determinations about the extent to which each state meets the purposes and requirements under Part B and Part C of the IDEA.
Based on an annual Organizational Assessment of Risk Factors of each state, OSEP annually provides differentiated monitoring and support to states on:
  • Ensuring improved outcomes for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities.
  • Complying with the IDEA programmatic requirements.
  • Complying with Federal fiscal requirements.
  • Collecting and reporting valid and reliable data.
  • Ensuring implementation of the state’s State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP).

Learn more about Results Driven Accountability.

Fiscal Monitoring

OSEP monitors states’ procedures for ensuring compliance with the fiscal requirements of Part B of the IDEA and related statutes and regulations.

OSEP’s fiscal monitoring includes:

View Part B Fiscal Monitoring Letters

Monitoring (under previous accountability systems)

Prior to 2011, OSEP reviewed both the Part C and Part B systems as a part of its Continuous Improvement and Focused Monitoring System.

OSEP issued letters to each of the states visited to inform them of the review results.

Part B Maintenance of State Financial Support Waivers

Under 34 CFR 300.163(a), a state is required to make available at least the same amount of funds for special education and related services for children with disabilities as it did in the previous fiscal year. This is called Maintenance of State Financial Support (MFS).

A state may request a one-year waiver of the maintenance of state financial support requirement.

View the waiver process and states’ waiver requests