Data and Statistics on Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders

Data and Statistics

For more information on AAPI Data, click here.

Disaggregated data is a key civil rights issue for the AAPI community because lack of disaggregated data prevents federal, state, and local governments from understanding the civil and social needs of specific AAPI communities. In the 2010 Census, the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI) population was one of the fastest-growing race groups between 2000 and 2010, increasing from a population of 398,835 in 2000 to 540,013 in 2010. Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders alone or in combination with one or more races represent about 0.4% of the population in the United States. The growing NHOPI population faces unique challenges that differentiate them from other Asian populations.

Visit, a one-stop portal of federal data on the Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander community.


Among other ethnic groups, the NHOPI population has some of the highest rates in smoking, drinking, and obesity. The Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health reported that the leading causes of death in the NHOPI community include heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and accidental injuries, partly due to their lack of access to cancer prevention and other health control programs. According to the 2012 Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Community Survey, the age-adjusted percentage of heart disease among NHOPI persons aged 18 years and over was 12.5%, with 6.8% for Asians and 10.9% for Whites.


In 2014, My Brother’s Keeper Statistical Indicators on Boys and Men of Color found that 19.2% of public school students who identify as Pacific Islander were enrolled in high poverty schools from 2010-2011. Furthermore, the 2006-2010 American Community Survey revealed that 44.5% of Native Hawaiians alone or in any combination in the state of Hawaii had a high school diploma, and only 14.5% had a bachelor’s degree or higher. Meanwhile, 37.3% of Native Hawaiians alone or in any combination in the United States earned a high school diploma while just 18.2% earned a bachelor’s degree or higher.


The Census Bureau reported that 17.6% of the NHOPI community lived below poverty, compared to a national poverty rate of 11.7% for Asians and 11.6% for Whites in their 2007-2011 American Community Survey.

Additional Resources

The resources below are available to access other sources of data on Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders:

There are various disparities that impact the NHOPI community. It is important to understand the challenges that the NHOPI community faces in order to provide programs and support initiatives that address the needs of this particular community.

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